Procedimento di formazione della legge

Procedimento di formazione della legge

Legislative process publication

It is the set of legislative acts and procedures, chronologically concatenated, for the formation of laws, as well as to reform the Constitution and secondary laws. It has the following characteristics: 1) it is constitutional, since its procedure is set forth in Articles 71 and 72 of the Constitution; 2) it is formal, since its validity must comply with the procedures set forth in the constitutional rules; and 3) it is bicameral, since it requires the participation of the Chamber of Deputies and the Chamber of Senators, except in those cases in which the regulations refer to the exclusive powers of each Chamber.

The Federal Government participates in the legislative process to present initiatives, promulgate and publish laws and decrees (with the exceptions expressly provided for in the Constitution itself); the legislatures of the States participate to present initiatives and approve constitutional reforms; and the federal deputies and senators participate by presenting initiatives and, as the case may be, approving the corresponding laws and decrees.

Article 78.- Once a bill has been passed by the house of origin, it is passed to the other house for discussion. Approved by both, it passes to the Executive Power of the Nation for its examination; and if it also obtains its approval, it is promulgated as a law.

The communications of the sanctions of the revising chamber when the bill returns to the chamber of origin must indicate the result of the vote that corresponded in particular to each article, in order to establish whether the additions or corrections were made by an absolute majority of those present or by two thirds of those present.

In Mexico, at the federal level, laws are created through a procedure called Legislative Process, which is established in the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States, which in Article 71 mentions who has the right to initiate them, and in Article 72 refers to each of the phases that must be carried out for their formation.

Likewise, it is important to mention that this procedure for the formation of federal laws is regulated in the Organic Law of the General Congress of the United Mexican States and in the Regulations for the Internal Government of the General Congress of the United Mexican States, regulations in which such procedure is referred to, which consists of:

Initiative: Regarding this stage, the formation of laws may be initiated indistinctly in the Chamber of Deputies or in the Chamber of Senators, with the exception of projects related to loans, contributions or taxes, or the recruitment of troops, which must first be discussed in the Chamber of Deputies.